Because of its international status and because some of its activities are unique in Europe, CERN has its own specific safety regulations. These are based on those of the Member States, with a bias in favour of the most advanced ones. In all cases, CERN is required to comply with the rules in force on the territory of the Host States and to ensure that a level of safety is maintained that is at least equivalent to that provided for by the lattersí own regulations.
As shown in the diagram below, safety responsibilities are an inseparable part of hierarchical responsibilities.
Organisation of safety at CERN
The safety responsibilities and duties at all hierarchical levels at CERN and the responsibilities of safety officers and other persons entrusted with safety activities are described in Annex 2 of document SAPOCO/42. They are summarised below:
The Director-General, who is responsible to the CERN Council for all safety matters, is assisted in this task by the Directors, the Safety Commission and several committees:
The department heads, who are answerable to the Director-General for all safety matters concerning the activities falling within their competence, shall organise and manage their department in such a way as to ensure that CERNís safety regulations are fully implemented. If necessary, they shall appoint safety officers from among the members of their department to assist them in meeting their safety responsibilities. These officers may be appointed in one of the following capacities:
The group leaders are answerable to their respective department head for all safety and accident prevention matters related to the work under their supervision. They may appoint a Safety Linkman to assist them, as well as safety officers responsible for individual facilities.
Experiment collaborations are represented in safety matters by a Group Leader
in Matters of Safety (GLIMOS), who is responsible for the safety of the
experiment from its design to dismantling, including during its installation
and operation phases.
The GLIMOS must be at CERN during the installation and operation period and are answerable to the leader of the host department. Their duties are defined in Paragraph 8 of Annex 2.1 of document SAPOCO/42.
To ensure continuity during shift work, the GLIMOS shall appoint Shift Leaders in Matters of Safety (SLIMOS).
Section leaders, heads of service and workshop foremen have essentially the same safety responsibilities, at their respective levels, as the group leaders to whom they are answerable.
Members of the CERN personnel, fellows, associates, registered visitors, students, apprentices and temporary labour personnel are accountable for the observance of the safety rules to their immediate supervisors or to other persons specifically appointed to be responsible for safety issues relating to their work.
Firms working on the CERN site are required to comply with the occupational health and safety regulations of the Host States, France or Switzerland, according to the part of the site on which they are operating. They are also subject to CERNís specific rules by virtue of their contractual commitments (see: TIS/GS/98-10).
With CERNís cooperation and agreement, the competent authorities of the Host States, to whom the firms are answerable, ensure that their respective regulations are complied with. This procedure is described in document DSU-OF/DO/RH/9335: "Relations between CERN, the competent bodies of the Host States and contractors concerning occupational health and safety on the Organizationís site."
In accordance with European Union directives, work representing a volume of
more than 4000 hours involving several different firms ("first-category" work)
requires a general health and safety coordination plan to be drawn up by a professional
safety coordinator appointed by CERN.
All other work ("second-category" work) of a volume of more than 400 hours must be done in compliance with a risk prevention plan drawn up under the auspices of a CERN coordinator (by default the contract manager) in collaboration with the contractors.
The tasks of the safety coordinator are defined in document TIS/GS/98-10.
Contact the DSG-SEE group for questions relating to the follow-up of new construction projects and the safety of contractorsí personnel.
Three committees have been created to coordinate preventive actions in the field of occupational health and safety on the CERN site; details of their terms of reference, composition and organisation are given in Annex 4 of document TIS/GS/98-10. These committees are:
Members of the public may be admitted to the CERN site on various occasions.
CERN considers the following areas as permanently accessible to the public ("Buildings Open to the General Public" in the CERN sense):
As such, these three areas are subject to particularly stringent safety rules.
Compensatory measures are sometimes needed to convert a place of work into an area fit to receive members of the public during special events. In such cases, the Safety Commission and the department responsible for the territory concerned must approve the safety measures proposed by the event organiser.
|Created 21.05.1997 - modified 09.07.2010 - Author: DSOC -|